Theologian

Dietrich Bonhoeffer

Dietrich Bonhoeffer

February 4, 1906 - April 9, 1945
German Lutheran Pastor, Theologian and Anti-Nazi Dissident
From Wrocław, Poland
Served in Germany
Affiliation: Confessing Church
Death: Executed by hanging as the Nazi regime collapsed
"Man no longer lives in the beginning--he has lost the beginning. Now he finds he is in the middle, knowing neither the end nor the beginning, and yet knowing that he is in the middle, coming from the beginning and going towards the end."

Paul Tillich

Paul Tillich

August 20, 1886 - October 22, 1965
Existentialist Philosopher, Theologian and Founding Member of the Society for the Arts, Religion and Contemporary Culture
From Brandenburg, Germany
Served in Germany and the United States
Affiliation: Lutheran
"The courage to be is rooted in the God who appears when God disappears in the anxiety of doubt."

John Henry Newman

John Henry Newman

February 21, 1801 - August 11, 1890
Minister and Leader of the Oxford Movement
From London, England
Served in London, England
Affiliation: Anglican
"A religious mind is ever looking out of itself, is ever recalling to itself Him on whom it depends, and who is the centre of all truth and good... The dividing line between God and the world goes through each man's heart. The worldly man is one whose heart is so earthbound that he has forgotten that he is made for heaven... The sinner would not enjoy heaven if he went there; not til he has turned from his sin and is once more looking towards God."

John Wesley

John Wesley

June 28, 1703 - March 2, 1791
Itinerant Preacher and Founder of Methodism
From Lincolnshire, England
Served in London, England
Affiliation: Anglican and Methodism
"Give me one hundred preachers who fear nothing but sin, and desire nothing but God, and I care not a straw whether they be clergymen or laymen; such alone will shake the gates of hell and set up the kingdom of heaven on Earth."

Jonathan Edwards

Jonathan Edwards

October 5, 1703 - March 22, 1758
Pastor during the America's First Great Awakening
From South Windsor, Connecticut
Served in Northampton, Massachusetts
Affiliation: Reformed
"Godliness in the heart has as direct a relation to practice, as a fountain has to a stream, or as the luminous nature of the sun has to beams sent forth, or as life has to breathing…"

Ignatius of Loyola

Ignatius of Loyola

October 23, 1491 - July 31, 1556
Founder of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) and Author of Spiritual Exercises
From Spain
Served in Italy
Affiliation: Catholic
"To give, and not to count the cost, to fight, and not to heed the wounds, to toil, and not to seek for rest, to labor, and not to ask for any reward, save that of knowing that we do thy will.”

Thomas Cranmer

Thomas Cranmer

July 2, 1489 - March 21, 1556
Leader of the English Reformation and Archbishop of Canterbury during the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI and, for a short time, Mary I, wrote/compiled the Book of Common Prayer
From Nottinghamshire, England
Served in England
Affiliation: Anglican
Death: After a trial for treason by Mary I, he was executed
"What the heart loves, the will chooses, and the mind justifies."

Jan Hus

Jan Hus

1369 - July 6, 1415
Reformer and Theologian
From Czech Republic
Served in Germany
Affiliation: Hussite
Death: Burned at the stake for heresy against the doctrines of the Catholic Church
"I hope, by God's grace, that I am truly a Christian, not deviating from the faith, and that I would rather suffer the penalty of a terrible death than wish to affirm anything outside of the faith or transgress the commandments of our Lord Jesus Christ."

John Wycliffe

John Wycliffe

1320 - December 31, 1384
Theologian, Preacher, and Translator of the Bible into English
From Yorkshire, England
Served in England
Affiliation: Catholic (Early Reformer)
Death: At mass he suffered a stroke while and died, but in 1415 his body was exhumed and his bones burned because of herasy
"Do not let friars enter your wine cellars for fear they will bless every barrel and change the wine into blood."

Thomas Aquinas

Thomas Aquinas

1225 – March 7, 1274
Priest and Theologian, Known as Doctor of the Church
From Kingdom of Sicily, Italy
Served in Italy
Affiliation: Catholic
"Man’s ultimate happiness consists in the contemplation of truth, for this operation is specific to man and is shared with no other animals. Also it is not directed to any other end since the contemplation of truth is sought for its own sake. In addition, in this operation man is united to higher beings (substances) since this is the only human operation that is carried out both by God and by the separate substances (angels)."